And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That there be some of them
that stand here, which shall not taste of death, till they have seen the
kingdom of God come with power.
kingdom of God has come or we have got some very old Apostles still running
around this world. Both Jesus and Judas died before the Kingdom of God which
is the Church of Christ came on the day of Pentecost in 30 AD as we learned
in last week’s lesson.
Church and Kingdom interchangeably cf:
Matthew 16:13 When Jesus came into
the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men
say that I the Son of man am? 16:14 And they said, Some say that thou
art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the
prophets. 16:15 He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am? 16:16 And
Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living
God. 16:17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon
Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my
Father which is in heaven. 16:18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art
Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell
shall not prevail against it. 16:19 And I will give unto thee the keys of
the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be
bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in
The transfiguration of
Mark 9:2 And after
six days Jesus taketh with him Peter, and James, and John, and
leadeth them up into an high mountain apart by themselves: and he was
transfigured before them
This was six days
after Peter had confessed that “Thou art the Christ, The Son of the Living
"About eight days," he is counting the day of the confession and the day of
the transfiguration. There was a total of eight days, but six days if you
count only the intervening days. Jesus takes the three favored disciples
who had seen Him raise Jairus’ daughter, and a few months later, they were
with Him in the Garden of Gethsemane. Paul later, speaking of them, called
them pillars. Cf:
And when James, Cephas,
and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto
me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we
should go unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.
Some think the
He changed in form and appearance. The inhabitants of the Heavenly regions
wear an appearance of surpassing glory. The face of Moses, when he came
down from the mountain, after being with God forty days, shone with such
glory that the Children of Israel could not look upon it. Cf: Exodus
34:29-34. This was a reflected glory. When Jesus appeared to Saul on the
way to Damascus it was as a light above the brightness of the sun blinded
him. This appearance of Jesus on the Mount represents Him in His glorified
state. When He came to earth, he veiled His glory under the flesh of
Mark 9:3 And his
raiment became shining, exceeding white as snow; so as no fuller on earth
can white them.
Transfiguration shows His Chosen Disciples His true spiritual appearance,
for He is the very image of God.
John 1:5 This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare
unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all.
Hebrews 1:3 Who
being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his
person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by
himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;
Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath
by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
1:5 For unto which
of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten
thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?
This is a picture
and a promise of what we will become in the future cf:
change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body,
according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto
I John 3:2-3 Beloved, now are we the
sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that,
when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.
And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is
verses and others it seems plain that in Heaven in Glorified bodies,
Christians will preserve their identity.
Mark 9:4 And there
appeared unto them Elias with Moses: and they were talking with Jesus.
The two who appeared
from the spirit world were, Moses the great lawgiver, and Elijah the great
Old Testament prophet. Both were a shadow of the Christ to come. They were
in the state of the dead, or in spirit form. With the death of Jesus, the
dispensation, of which Moses was the lawgiver, Elijah the most prominent
prophet, would end. Cf: Colossians 2:14 and Galatians 3:19-25. How the
apostles knew who they were is not told. Jesus probably told them.
Mark 9:5 And Peter
answered and said to Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here: and let us
make three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
A tabernacle is like a
tent to protect people from the heat of the sun and the weather. It was a
temporary fixture, not permanent. Peter is proposing that they should
prolong this interview and dwell there.
This seems to have been
a suggestion to get the departing Moses and Elijah to stay.
Mark 9:6 For he wist
(knew) not what to say; for they were sore afraid.
Mark 9:7 And there was
a cloud that overshadowed them: and a voice came out of the cloud, saying,
This is my beloved Son: hear him.
This cloud was the
representative of the Divine Glory and Presence of God. Out of this cloud
came the voice of God, as it did after Jesus’ baptism, and now it adds the
words “hear him.”, showing that Moses and Elijah are no longer to be the way
of salvation. Jesus is He who now speaks from Heaven and is the mediator of
the New Covenant. Cf:
Hebrews 12:22-25 But ye
are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly
Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels, 12:23 To the general
assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to
God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect, 12:24
And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of
sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel. 12:25 See
that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused
him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we
turn away from him that speaketh from heaven:
Mark 9:8 And suddenly,
when they had looked round about, they saw no man any more, save Jesus only
The cloud had
passed away and carried these visitors back to the spirit land. Henceforth,
there is to be one authoritative teacher and lawgiver, Jesus. Fifteen
hundred years before, Moses told of a prophet to come. Cf: Deuteronomy 18:13
ff. He is now come, His exclusive authority is proclaimed in “hear ye
him.”, and Him alone, for everything depends upon it.
Mark 9:9 And as they
came down from the mountain, he charged them that they should tell no man
what things they had seen, till the Son of man were risen from the dead.
Peter delighted to
refer to the Transfiguration. Cf:
II Peter 1:16-19
have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the
power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his
1:17 For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came
such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in
whom I am well pleased. 1:18 And this voice which came from heaven we
heard, when we were with him in the holy mount. 1:19 We have also a more
sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a
light that shineth in a dark place,
until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts:
The Son of God is the
fulfillment of all prophecy.
Mark 9:10 And they
kept that saying with themselves, questioning one with another what the
rising from the dead should mean.
Jesus frequently and
clearly told He must be crucified and rise again, but they did not
understand it, or thought that He was speaking figuratively. This vision is
to give them a vision of future glory. They could not now understand it but
after His resurrection, they remembered it and understood.
Mark 9:11 And they
asked him, saying, Why say the scribes that Elias must first come?
The Scribes expected a
literal fulfillment of Malachi prophecy that Elijah would come before the
Christ. The disciples were surprised when He appeared on the mountain and
did not remain to do the work predicted of Him, hence their question cf:
Malachi 3:1-4 Behold,
I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the
Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of
the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of
hosts. 3:2 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall
stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner's fire, and like
fullers' soap: 3:3 And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of
silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and
silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.
3:4 Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the
LORD, as in the days of old, and as in former years.
Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great
and dreadful day of the LORD: 4:6 And he shall turn the heart of the fathers
to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come
and smite the earth with a curse.
Mark 9:12 And he
answered and told them, Elias verily cometh first, and restoreth all things;
and how it is written of the Son of man, that he must suffer many things,
and be set at nought.
It was a true doctrine
that the Scribes taught that Elijah would appear before the coming of the
Messiah. Restoreth all things means heal, correct, and put in proper
order. He would be the agent in reforming the people. Jesus keeps the
lesson of His coming suffering constantly before them. His suffering and
death finishes the restoration of all things that John began. Jesus was set
at nought which means to be esteemed as worthless as Isaiah 53 prophesied.
Mark 9:13 But I say
unto you, That Elias is indeed come, and they have done unto him whatsoever
they listed, as it is written of him.
John the Baptist came
in the spirit and power of Elijah. Jesus again teaches them that Malachi
used the name Elijah figuratively for John the Baptist.
Mark 9:14 And when
he came to his disciples, he saw a great multitude about them, and
the scribes questioning with them
transfiguration, He saw a great multitude. Cf:
Mark's account is the fullest. The symptoms given by
Mark are like
those of epilepsy.
states that he had been afflicted from childhood.
The scribes and
curiosity seekers saw the failure of the disciples to heal this demonic and
began to dispute with them.
Mark 9:15 And
straightway all the people, when they beheld him, were greatly amazed, and
running to him saluted him.
The sudden, and
unexpected appearing of Jesus resulted in the crowd receiving Him with
affection and respect.
Mark 9:16 And he asked
the scribes, What question ye with them?
He surprised the
scribes with His question.
Mark 9:17 And one of
the multitude answered and said, Master, I have brought unto thee my son,
which hath a dumb spirit;
In the absence of
Jesus, the disciples undertook to do this work. We should learn from this
lesson, not to undertake a work for which we are not prepared.
Mark 9:18 And
wheresoever he taketh him, he teareth him: and he foameth, and gnasheth with
his teeth, and pineth away: and I spake to thy disciples that they should
cast him out; and they could not.
He has become thin and
haggard. Their lack of power was due to their weak faith. They had been
given power to cast out unclean spirits. Mark 6:7. The three favored
apostles were with Jesus on the Mount. The faith of the nine was not equal
to the task for this was a very difficult case.
Mark 9:19 He answereth
him, and saith, O faithless generation, how long shall I be with you? how
long shall I suffer you? bring him unto me.
This generation and
race was indeed faithless. Jesus had confidence in Himself, the emphasis is
Mark 9:20 And they
brought him unto him: and when he saw him, straightway the spirit tare him;
and he fell on the ground, and wallowed foaming.
The boy fell and
wallowed on the ground, foaming at the mouth like one with epilepsy.
Mark 9:21 And he asked
his father, How long is it ago since this came unto him? And he said, Of a
This careful inquiry of
Jesus was not for His own information, but for the trial and strengthening
of the father’s faith.
Mark 9:22 And ofttimes
it hath cast him into the fire, and into the waters, to destroy him: but if
thou canst do any thing, have compassion on us, and help us.
The demon was
hard-hearted, just like the Devil is today. He would destroy the son of
every father in Hell.
Mark 9:23 Jesus
said unto him, If thou canst believe, all things are possible to him
The question is not
whether Jesus can, but whether the afflicted father can. Can he have the
needful faith in Christ? Faith is the great need.
Mark 9:24 And
straightway the father of the child cried out, and said with tears, Lord, I
believe; help thou mine unbelief.
The spark of faith
has been kindled; if his faith is not strong, he prays the Lord to give him
stronger faith. So should the doubting Christian always pray. If your faith
is weak, cry to God for help.
Mark 9:25 When Jesus
saw that the people came running together, he rebuked the foul spirit,
saying unto him, Thou dumb and deaf spirit, I charge thee, come out
of him, and enter no more into him.
The demon would desire
to repossess the boy without the interference of Jesus.
Mark 9:26 And
the spirit cried, and rent him sore, and came out of him: and he was as
one dead; insomuch that many said, He is dead.
The evil spirit
obeys most reluctantly and seeks to destroy one whom it can no longer use.
The paroxysm of departure was fearful, and left the boy exhausted and as
dead. The touch of Jesus completed the cure.
Mark 9:27 But Jesus
took him by the hand, and lifted him up; and he arose.
Mark 9:28 And when he
was come into the house, his disciples asked him privately, Why could not we
cast him out?
Mark 9:29 And he
said unto them, This kind can come forth by nothing, but by prayer and
Why could we not
cast him out?
His answer first was, according to Matthew (17:20),
"Because of your belief." The whole difficulty centered in their want of
faith. No demon could defy them if only they had faith enough. And then
Jesus illustrates the power of faith by showing that even a small amount of
active, living faith, like a grain of mustard-seed, could remove "this
mountain," perhaps pointing to Mount Hermon, at whose base they were, and
which towered in its grandeur above them.
The faith which will
be effectual must be a faith exercised in prayer. The work of the Church is
still to cast out devils, the unclean spirits of: pride worldliness,
selfishness, greed, infidelity, lust, drunkenness, Sabbath-breaking the
failure to assemble as we are taught cf:
Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some
is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see
the day approaching.
These still defy the
ordinary efforts and faith of God's people. How shall we get that higher
faith? By prayer and fasting.
Mark 9:30 And they
departed thence, and passed through Galilee; and he would not that any man
should know it.
They traveled in a
quiet and private manner. This is the last mention made of privacy.
Mark 9:31 For he
taught his disciples, and said unto them, The Son of man is delivered into
the hands of men, and they shall kill him; and after that he is killed, he
shall rise the third day.
Teaching His disciples
seems to be the purpose of the private journey. He had before predicted His
suffering and He wished to further instruct the disciples without the
multitude. In this verse, notice the word “is” the present-tense verb is
used because the future event is so clear and present in Christ’ mind.
Jesus had already been given up to suffering by the plan of God cf:
delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have
taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:
Mark 9:32 But they
understood not that saying, and were afraid to ask him.
They were probably
afraid to ask Him for fear that He would rebuke them as He did Peter.
17:22, 23. Compare
Mark 9:33 And he
came to Capernaum: and being in the house he asked them, What was it that ye
disputed among yourselves by the way?
Capernaum was His
headquarters in Galilee. The disciples had asked questions among
themselves, wishing to know who would have the principal offices and posts
of favor in the coming kingdom.
Mark 9:34 But they
held their peace: for by the way they had disputed among themselves, who
should be the greatest.
Desiring to be the most
eminent shows they expected the kingdom to be a temporal, earthly kingdom.
Self-denying service in Christ’ kingdom is the true road to greatness.
Mark 9:35 And he
sat down, and called the twelve, and saith unto them, If any man desire to
be first, the same shall be last of all, and servant of all.
The two conditions
of true greatness are humility and service; not to be the servant of
friends, or kindred, or of a class, or even of church members, but of
all, like Christ.
All of them had
mistaken ideas about the
and needed instruction. To be first in rank and honor, service is the path
that leads to the highest honors in the
kingdom of God, through
humility. A servant, or minister, is a waiter or an attendant who renders
voluntary service. The most distinguished Christian is the most humble cf:
Whereof I am made a minister, according to the dispensation of God which is
given to me for you, to fulfill the word of God;
Mark 9:36 And he took
a child, and set him in the midst of them: and when he had taken him in his
arms, he said unto them,
Children are, to a
great extent, destitute of ambition, pride and haughtiness. They are
characteristically humble and teachable. Jesus requires His disciples to
become like them cf:
Matthew 18:3 And said,
Verily I say unto you, Except ye be converted, and become as little
children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.
Mark 9:37 Whosoever
shall receive one of such children in my name, receiveth me: and whosoever
shall receive me, receiveth not me, but him that sent me.
Whoso shall receive and
love someone with a spirit like this child, one who is humble, meek and
unambitious, is a real Christian. In receiving a representative of Christ,
we not only receive Christ, but the Father also. Jesus teaches that the
kingdom is spiritual and that humility and a child-like spirit are essential
to true greatness.
Mark 9:38 And John
answered him, saying, Master, we saw one casting out devils in thy name, and
he followeth not us: and we forbad him, because he followeth not us.
The disciples had
shortly before returned to Christ from their first missionary tour, in which
they were empowered to cast out devils (Matt.
10:8). The man here referred to they probably met during this
tour. He must have been a disciple of Christ, who was enabled by his faith,
yet without a commission, to cure the possessed. Casting out devils in
thy name. Not in a wrong spirit, as did the Jewish exorcists (Acts
19:13-14); for it was done in thy name. Such workers as
this man believed in him, or they would not have used his name. He
followed not us, he did not join himself to the apostles as one of their
Mark 9:39 But Jesus
said, Forbid him not: for there is no man which shall do a miracle in my
name, that can lightly speak evil of me
He neither praises
nor blames him for following an independent course, and not working with his
disciples. He simply declares that he must not be forbidden, and that those
who work the same kind of work that we do should be regarded, not as
enemies, but allies. Thousands, in every period of church history, have
spent their lives in copying John's mistake. They have labored to stop every
man who will not work for Christ in their way from working for Christ at
Mark 9:40 For he that
is not against us is on our part.
Here Christ clenches
His argument. There is no neutral ground between in the contest between God
Mark 9:41 For
whosoever shall give you a cup of water to drink in my name, because ye
belong to Christ, verily I say unto you, he shall not lose his reward.
Anyone who recognizes a
Christian’s relation to Christ has the grounds for doing them a good deed,
he honors Christ by the act. Any approved service, however simple and
commonplace will be amply rewarded. Miracles have ceased, but acts of
kindness in the name of Jesus are not out of date. Cf: I Corinthians 15:58
Matthew 10:41 says, “he
shall receive a prophet’s reward”, which is not synonymous with final
salvation, but simply means he shall be rewarded.
Mark 9:42 And
whosoever shall offend one of these little ones that believe in me,
it is better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he
were cast into the sea.
Little ones are not
infants, because infants cannot believe on Christ. Stumble here means to
put temptation before others to induce them to sin. The millstone is not
the common household stone which was turned by women cf: Matthew 24:41, but
the larger one which was turned by the strength of an animal, usually an
ass. It is better for him because his actual fate will be worse than that.
Mark 9:43 And if
thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life
maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never
shall be quenched:
Hand, foot, and eye
are the most valuable of the members of the human body and denote anything
particularly dear and valuable. They are used here to denote the dearest
objects of one’s desires. The honors, possessions, or enjoyments we most
prize, if these cause us to sin, stumble, fall away, these must be mortified
and subdued cf:
Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication,
uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness,
which is idolatry: 3:6 For which things' sake the wrath of God cometh on
the children of disobedience: 3:7 In the which ye also walked some time,
when ye lived in them. 3:8 But now ye also put off all these; anger, wrath,
malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth.
3:9 Lie not
one to another, seeing that ye have put off the old man with his deeds;
3:10 And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge
after the image of him that created him:
Galatians 5:19-24 Now
the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery,
fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, 5:20 Idolatry, witchcraft,
hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, 5:21
Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I
tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they
which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God. 5:22 But the
fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness,
5:23 Meekness, temperance: against
such there is no law. 5:24 And they that are Christ's have crucified the
flesh with the affections and lusts.
Matt. 5:29. The
fires that were occasionally lit in the literal Gehenna, or Tophet, were
burning trash they were necessary and only temporary. They died out for
want of fuel. It was to be otherwise with the "fire" of the other and
ulterior Tophet. The "fire" referred to is, of course is hell that no mere
symbol of the certain dreadful realities, for which there are no adequate
representations in human language.
Mark 9:44 Where their
worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.
Gehenna is here
correctly translated as hell. Jesus shows the sense in which He uses the
word by adding the explanatory clause “ into the fire that shall never be
Mark 9:45 And if thy
foot offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter halt into life,
than having two feet to be cast into hell, into the fire that never shall be
Mark 9:46 Where their
worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.
Jesus repeats Himself
in verse 44 showing how certain and long Hell is.
HHIt is placed in direct opposition to
Mark 9:47 And if thine
eye offend thee, pluck it out: it is better for thee to enter into the
kingdom of God with one eye, than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire:
These sacrifices of
hand, foot, eye, must be made;
Mark 9:48 Where
their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.
Jesus uses this term
for the third time, emphasizing how certain eternity in one place or another
can be counted upon.
borrowed from the
last verse of Isaiah,
and probably in current use among the Jews of our Savior's time, as applied
to the state of future retribution.
Mark 9:49 For every
one shall be salted with fire, and every sacrifice shall be salted with
The word for
introduces the verse as the reason for the solemn warnings in verses 43 thru
48. Every one who contrary to the teaching just given in the context who
refuses to cut off the offending hand, or pluck out the offending eye shall
be salted with fire. As salt on account of its power to preserve meat is a
symbol of long lasting. To be salted with fire is to be kept in a state of
severest pain. This verse kills the annihilation theory.
Fire is used in the
Scripture to denote suffering, persecution, trial, distress of any kind.
Salt is used to denote permanence, preservation from corruption. Every
one, good and bad, must suffer.
Mark 9:50 Salt
is good: but if the salt have lost his saltness, wherewith will ye
season it? Have salt in yourselves, and have peace one with another.
good and useful for purifying and preserving cf: II Kings 2:19-22 Every
Christian who has given himself as a real sacrifice to God shall be salted
not with fire to be destroyed, but with salt to be preserved for the
kingdom. There is a putrid and corrupt part in every Christian which must
be purged out. If a Christian loses the power of perseverance, there is no
restoration for him. Have the preserving and purifying influences of God’s
Grace in your heart. Make every sacrifice necessary to be at peace with one
another. Peace is one of the Fruits of the Spirit cf:
But the fruit of
the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
5:23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law. 5:24
And they that
are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts. 5:25
If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.
contention of the apostles, as to who should be greatest in the Kingdom of
God, verses 33-34, and their jealousy towards a brother who was casting out
demons, verse 38, would impair this peace and cause discouragement among
themselves. Strife among them would destroy their salt, peace would
preserve it. Let each one retain a seasoning virtue in themselves that he
may sweeten and season others. Thus upholding union and peace, one with
another, will declare that you have the saving qualities of salt in
yourself. In so doing, you will avoid contention and quarreling struggles
for places of honor and office, and seek others welfare.
in yourselves. The spirit
of self-sacrifice, and thus you will "have peace with one another."